Victor Petrovich Makeyev
ГРЦ Макеева

Joint Stock Company

Academician V.P.Makeyev

State Rocket Centre

Victor Petrovich Makeyev

Генеральный конструктор,
академик В.П. Макеев
(25.10.1924 - 25.10.1985 гг.)

Makeyev Victor Petrovich was born in Kolomna, Moscow Region. Left Moscow Aviation Institute named after S. Ordzhonikidze (1948), Higher engineering courses at Moscow Higher Technical School (1950), became Doctor of Engineering Sciences (1965), Corresponding Member (1968), Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1976). Worked at OKB-1 NII-88 MOP, Kaliningrad, Moscow Region (1947-1950; 1952-1955) as an engineer, a leading engineer of the R-11 missile. From 1955 to 1985 worked at SKB-385 (Design Bureau of Machine Building), Zlatoust, Miass, Chelyabinsk Region as a Chief Designer, in 1963 he was appointed its Leading Designer and Head, in 1976 he became General Designer and Head of Design Bureau of Machine Building. Participated in creation of the R-17 tactical missile, the first sea-based ballistic missile R-11FM. At the recommendation of S.P. Korolyov he was appointed the Design Bureau Chief Designer, to which activities on R-11, R-11M, R-11FM were transferred. Coordinator of the development of SLBMs put into service in the USSR, including the R-21 SLBM, a first SLBM (1963), the R-27 SLBM, a first sea-launched missile fueled at factory that became the most popular (1968), the R-29 SLBM, a first sea-launched intercontinental missile (1974), the R-29R SLBM, a first sea-launched intercontinental missile with multiple warhead (1977), the R-39 missile, a first native solid-propelled missile with the intercontinental firing range and multiple warhead (1983), the R-29RM, a SLBM with the highest in the world power-mass perfection (1986). Chief Designer of the R-17 or SCUD-B tactical missile (1962); the R-27K, the only in the world anti-ship ballistic missile operated in one submarine (1975). Creator and coordinator of a domestic school of submarine-launched missile building that achieved the world priority in several combat characteristics and lay-out decisions on missiles, control and launch systems and ensured setup and supervision of serial production and operation of strategic complexes of the submarine-launched missiles in fleets. Among the priority decisions are: engines arranged inside the fuel/oxidizer tanks; the elimination of space not used for fuel along the missile length; stellar monitoring in the missile flight; a three-stage combat missile; use of elongated detonating cord to break and separate the missile elements in flight; use of the belt shock absorption from elastomeric materials, including the placed on the missile; factory-made fueling and ampulization of tanks by welding their fill and drain valves; transportation of the assembled and prefueled missiles from manufacturers. Chairman of Research Council of the USSR Academy of Sciences on Mechanics of Composite Materials (1977-1985). Associate Professor, Chairholder, Professor of Chelyabinsk Polytechnical Institute (1960-1962), Chairholder of MIPT (1981-1985). Deputy to the Supreme Soviet (1966-1985). Associate Member and Member of Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1971-1985). An author of 32 inventions, more than 200 published works, including monographes. Laureate of Lenin's (1959) and State (1968, 1978, 1983) Prizes of the USSR. Twice Hero of Socialist Labour (1961, 1974). Awarded by the Order of Lenin (1956, 1961, 1963, 1974, 1984), the Order of the October Revolution (1971), medals of the USSR, the gold Korolyov medal of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1974). Honorary citizen of Miass, Chelyabinsk Region (1997, posthumously). Joint Stock Company "Academician V.P. Makeyev State Rocket Centre" bears his name. A prospect in Miass, streets in Kolomna and Chelyabinsk, a ship of the Northen Fleet of the Russian Navy are named after him. His monuments are set up in Miass, Kolomna, Nyonoksa, Arkhangelsk Oblast; his memorial plates are placed on the building of Moscow Aviation Institute named after S. Ordzhonikidze (Moscow) where he studied; on the houses he lived in Miass and Severodvinsk; on the buildings he worked in Zlatoust and Miass. Scholarships in his honor are found in MAI, MIPT, N.G. Kuznetsov Naval Academy. The Russian Cosmonautics Federation sets up a medal named after Academician V.P. Makeyev (1991) and a Makeyev medal of the Ural Division of RAS (2015). A prize named after V.P. Makeyev was found (1988).