First generation
ГРЦ Макеева

Joint Stock Company

Academician V.P.Makeyev

State Rocket Centre

First generation

Results of activities on the first-generation missiles

The marine cooperation of developers was founded, the interaction of design bureaus, research institutes (civil and military), test ranges, manufacturing plants was perfected.

Launching missiles from a mobile swinging base was realized; the sustainer-assisted underwater launch from a blind silo without gas ducts was developed; initial principal solutions of sea-based missile building were implemented: hermetic sealing of joints, cable trunks and connectors, a combination of functions of several structural elements.

The intercontinental range of firing was implemented with short flying time to a target. The foundation of development and operation of sea-based strategic nuclear forces was created. The missile-carrying submarines were aligned in the North and Pacific fleets. The R-11FM, R-13 and R-21 first-generation missiles were carried by diesel submarines of the АV611, 629, 629B, 629А projects and nuclear submarines of the 658, 658М projects.